Chipped of Cracked teeth
If an injury causes a tooth to become chipped or cracked, it is important that the patient visits his or her dentist or dental specialist to have the tooth evaluated for possible endodontic treatment. If the tooth is cracked and the pulp tissue becomes exposed or irreversibly damaged, root canal therapy may be indicated.
Luxated or Dislodged Teeth
Traumatic injuries to the mouth can cause teeth to be luxated or dislodged within their sockets. The patient's general dentist or dental specialist may reposition and stabilize the tooth using a splint. After the teeth are repositioned, it is urgent all involved teeth are evaluated within two weeks of the injury to determine if root canal therapy is indicated.
If an injury is sustained that causes a tooth to be completely knocked out of the mouth, it is important the patient is treated immediately! In the event a tooth is avulsed, it is best to place the tooth back into the socket. If this is not possible keep the tooth in a moist environment (glass of milk, in the mouth, sterile water). A tooth can be saved if it remains moist and is not out of the mouth for long amounts of time. Depending on several factors, root canal therapy may be started immediately or postponed for several days. Occasionally the root canal therapy may be completed prior to repositioning the tooth in the patient's mouth. The length of time the tooth is out of the mouth and the way the tooth was stored will influence the type of treatment you will receive.
For more information regarding dental trauma, please refer to dentaltraumaguide.org.